Over the last decade, I’ve been asked, “How rare are 1943 silver pennies?” and “How much is my 1943 silver wheat penny worth?” more times than I can even remember.
And this is a good thing — I love telling people the story behind 1943 pennies and what they’re worth!
Read on… I’ll also tell you what 1943 silver pennies are actually made from — and we’ll discuss the rare, valuable 1943 copper penny below as well.
How To Spot A Rare 1943 Penny
There are a few 1943 rare wheat pennies, but most 1943 wheat pennies are not rare.
You probably have a 1943 wheat penny that looks silvery in color, or maybe dark gray — it may even appear rusty.
Here’s how to tell if your 1943 silver wheat penny is rare or not:
- If it sticks to a magnet, then your 1943 silver penny is NOT rare.
- If it does not stick to a magnet, then your 1943 silver penny IS rare.
Rare 1943 wheat pennies are made from bronze — they look similar to most other copper pennies from other years. In fact, 1943 copper wheat pennies are usually worth $100,000 or more!
In a minute, I’ll talk more about the 1943 copper penny and why it’s so rare.
But first, let’s discuss what those silver 1943 wheat pennies are made from. (Spoiler alert: a 1943 silver wheat penny is NOT made from silver!)
1943 Silver Pennies Are Made Of Zinc-Plated Steel
When I first got into coin collecting back in the early 1990s, I thought — like so many people who ask me about their coins here at The Fun Times Guide — that my silvery 1943 pennies were actually made from silver.
Most 1943 wheat pennies appear to be silver in color.
So, what are 1943 “silver” pennies made from? Answer: Zinc-plated steel!
In the early 1940s, when the United States had first entered World War II, our nation needed to ration a variety of important materials to help win the war. Copper was essential for making ammunitions — so the government decided to divert copper from making pennies to manufacturing shell casings.
The decision was made to strike 1943 wheat pennies from zinc-plated steel planchets.
More than 1 billion 1943 steel wheat pennies were made:
- 1943 no mintmark steel penny (Philadelphia mint) — 684,628,670 minted
- 1943-D steel penny (Denver mint) — 217,660,000 minted
- 1943-S steel penny (San Francisco mint) — 191,550,000 minted
However, by the end of 1943, much of the public complained about the new steel pennies.
1943 steel wheat pennies were not a hit for these reasons:
- There were problems with the coins rusting quickly.
- Some vending machines rejected the steel wheat cents.
- Many people even confused the steel pennies with silver dimes!
Rare 1943 Copper Penny Values
The U.S. government found the solution to the above problem by making the 1944 wheat penny from spent copper shell casings that were recovered from battlefields after use.
But it turned out a few 1943 wheat pennies had accidentally been made with leftover copper planchets (prepared coin blanks) from 1942 — and they escaped from the United States Mint!
The first of these was reported within a few years. Today, 1943 copper wheat pennies are among the most valuable Lincoln pennies.
NOTE: Incidentally, a few 1944 wheat pennies were made with the 1943 steel planchets. These are worth around $85,000 or more!
What Is A 1943 Steel Penny Worth? (aka 1943 Silver Wheat Penny)
If you’ve gotten to this point in the article, you’re probably still curious what a 1943 steel wheat penny is worth.
Remember I said earlier that more than 1 billion 1943 steel wheat pennies were made?
Well, lots of 1943 steel wheat pennies still survive — and that means there are plenty to go around to satisfy the needs of coin collectors.
Here’s the current 1943 steel wheat penny value:
- Most 1943 steel pennies that you’ll find in circulation are pretty well worn (and many that are worn exhibit rust). These are worth 5 cents to 10 cents.
- A lightly circulated 1943 steel penny is generally worth 20 cents to 50 cents.
- The uncirculated 1943 steel penny value usually ranges from about $1.50 to $5.
- Some well-preserved uncirculated 1943 steel pennies with pristine surfaces are worth more than $100.
So now that you know all about the 1943 penny value, did you strike it rich with your 1943 wheat pennies?
Even if you didn’t, your 1943 steel pennies are still neat coins and they’re historic relics from the World War II era. There are many valuable, rare pennies out there. Maybe you’ll find one in your pocket change — if you look hard enough and you’re lucky.
Keep checking your change, and happy collecting!
More Info About Old, Rare Pennies
In addition to the links I’ve included above, here are some other resources to help you learn more about 1943 wheat pennies and other old pennies:
- Have A Silver Penny That’s Not A 1943 Steel Cent?
- 1943 Lincoln Cents: The Value Of Steel Vs. Copper
- U.S. Coins Worth More Than Face Value
- 5 Fun Facts About 1943 Steel Pennies
- 5 Fun Ways To Collect Lincoln Cents
- 43 Valuable Pennies Worth Holding Onto
My love for coins began when I was 11 years old. I primarily collect and study U.S. coins produced during the 20th century. I'm a member of the American Numismatic Association (ANA) and the Numismatic Literary Guild (NLG) and have won multiple awards from the NLG for my work as a coin journalist. I'm also the editor at CDN Publishing (a trusted source for the price of U.S. rare coins), editor at the Florida United Numismatists Club (FUN Topics magazine), and author of Images of America: The United States Mint in Philadelphia (a book that explores the colorful history of the Philadelphia Mint). I've contributed hundreds of articles for various coin publications including COINage, The Numismatist, Numismatic News, Coin Dealer Newsletter, Coin Values, and CoinWeek. I've also authored nearly 1,000 articles here at The Fun Times Guide to Coins — and I welcome your coin questions in the comments below!