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You may be wondering if they’re even worth collecting — given the fact that they are referred to as “junk.”
Well, in fact, junk is largely a relative term. In numismatics, “junk” is in the eye of the beholder — just as one person’s trash is another’s treasure.
In the most literal sense, junk coins refer to common-date coins, which don’t grade high enough to be considered collectible by most numismatists.
Say, for example, a Roosevelt dime in a grade of Very Good (VG). That’s much lower of a grade than the Extremely Fine to Uncirculated grades that most people will usually look for when collecting coins from the Roosevelt dime series.
While many junk coins are perfectly suitable for most low-budget coin collections, you’ll find the majority of junk coins to be well worn — and some have been cleaned or damaged.
Well worn or damaged coins that are rare dates or otherwise scarce are not considered as ‘junk.’
Cull Coins vs. Junk Coins
Junk coins are sometimes referred to as cull coins. But actually, the two terms aren’t really synonymous. I’ll tell you why…
Take that example of the VG Roosevelt dime in my example above. That coin, while it may have a lot of wear, might in fact be entirely problem-free (has no dents, bends, major scratches, and hasn’t been cleaned).
A cull coin, on the other hand, while considered junk by many numismatists, usually would display damage – a previous cleaning, holes, deep nicks, you name it.
Low Ball Coins vs. Junk Coins
There are also low ball coins — those which are so well worn that they sometimes are often only identifiable as to type, since the date may be completely worn away. Low ball coins usually grade Poor-1 or Fair-2 and are more often than not collected because their sheer amount of wear is novel in and of itself.
Rarely are low ball coins collected for the sake of the coin — though in some cases those collecting coins on a budget have turned to low ball coins when purchasing an extremely rare piece (such as an early large cent or silver dollar) just to fill holes in their collections.
Some coin collectors have even made it a goal to have the “worst” coin collection – which they build by putting together sets of low-ball coins. The Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS) even recognizes low ball registry sets!
Collecting Junk Coins For Bullion Purposes
While junk coins may find homes with coin collectors, they are no strangers to those who buy coins for the sake of sheer investment.
Buying junk silver coins is a popular way to invest in the precious metal.
See how I picked up silver coins at face value recently. (Yes, face value!) It takes a little time to do it the way I did (purchasing bank rolls), but I really have found many silver coins in rolls worth between 10 to 15 times face value this way. No kidding!
Though junk silver coins may not be looked at as collectibles by those with money to spend on high-grade coins, junk silver coins are widely held as investment coins for those holding onto silver bullion.
Junk silver coins are typically common-date, pre-1965 coins from the 20th century (like Standing Liberty quarters, Walking Liberty half dollars, Franklin half dollars, and Morgan and Peace silver dollars) that grade somewhere between Good and Fine.
Though not necessarily the most desirable examples of their types, they are normally decent, often-problem-free pieces that simply aren’t outstanding enough to take up space in a dealer’s cases or worth the cost of putting into 2 x 2 holders and placing into browser albums. Best of all, most junk silver coins are 90% silver — giving the investor a high volume of silver in each coin!
Plus, if you ever want to sell your junk silver coins, you have a dual market — since both bullion investors and numismatists (who would be interested in the coins for filling coin albums or type sets) pursue such coins.
And, since they are legal tender and highly recognizable even to non-coin collectors, they could easily be spent (in an extreme emergency, of course).
Because junk silver coins have value as bullion, as legal tender, and as collectibles, pre-1965 silver coins really have much potential value for anybody wanting to keep some silver stocked away.
The only major downside to buying junk silver coins instead of bona fide silver bullion coins like American Silver Eagles is that junk silver coins cannot be held as part of your Individual Retirement Account (IRA)/Roth plan, whereas most bullion coins can.
If you have any questions about investing in silver bullion as part of your IRA/Roth plan, I recommend you speak to your financial advisor for further details so you can find out more information about how to optimize your investing strategy given your individual needs and goals.
My love for coins began when I was 11 years old. I primarily collect and study U.S. coins produced during the 20th century. I'm a member of the American Numismatic Association (ANA) and the Numismatic Literary Guild (NLG) and have won multiple awards from the NLG for my work as a coin journalist. I'm also the editor at CDN Publishing (a trusted source for the price of U.S. rare coins), editor at the Florida United Numismatists Club (FUN Topics magazine), and author of Images of America: The United States Mint in Philadelphia (a book that explores the colorful history of the Philadelphia Mint). I've contributed hundreds of articles for various coin publications including COINage, The Numismatist, Numismatic News, Coin Dealer Newsletter, Coin Values, and CoinWeek. I've also authored nearly 1,000 articles here at The Fun Times Guide to Coins — and I welcome your coin questions in the comments below!